And now I present knights and warfare from the 13th century from the Morgan Picture Bible (MS M.638), completed in the 1240s.
All pictures are from the Morgan Library and Museum website (themorgan.org).
“It shines. That sword… It is the dream that all warriors -past, present, and future- hold as their deaths approach. A sad, exalted dream. She carries their will as her pride, bidding them to remain steadfast in their loyalty. Now, the undefeated King sings aloud the name of the miracle she holds in her hand. Its name is… EXCALIBUR!”
During its early development in the 12th and 13th centuries, the University of Bologna was run by its students, who hired and paid the professors.
To ensure that professors performed their duties, students were elected to spy on them. Financial penalties were levied on those who failed to cover the syllabus adequately and on time. If a professor started or finished a lecture late, students were obliged by the statutes to leave the lecture hall. Professorial absences during term-time had to be approved in advance by the student rector and his officials; academics had to deposit money as surety of their return by the agreed time.
This situation did not last. By 1300, the comune of Bologna had begun to pay salaried lectureships, and power shifted to it as a result.
The lesson of the Bolognese experience is that power over a university lies with the paymaster. As universities’ incomes are based increasingly on tuition fees, it will be interesting to see if 21st-century students follow the example of their medieval forebears.
Jonathan Davies, Senior lecturer in history, University of Warwick
image: Lecturing in a Medieval University by Laurentius De Voltolina (14th Century). Courtesy of digitalliteracyproject.com
Sometimes, medieval people could be pretty silly, but they were certainly on to something here. God bless ‘em.
And Gandalf took me seriously when he was dragged by a Balrog into the abyss under Moria and pursued it for eight days to the peak of mount Zirakzigil, fighting for two days and nights before vanquishing his foe and relinquishing his body in death, only to be resurrected again as Gandalf the white for the benefit of all of middle earth…
People just don’t understand…
Aggressive Kendo Girl strikes (hah) again!
BEST ENJOYED WITH HEADPHONES
LEFT EAR: Mandarin version.
RIGHT EAR: English version.
Enjoy the multiple eargasm…
|—||Jacques Le Goff - Merchant’s time and Church’s time in the Middle Ages. (via brunomarconi)|
As usual, Aragorn’s original sword is the standout. Practicality meets graceful design in the best way possible.
#SAVE SEAN BEAN
I honestly don’t know how to respond to this…
You don’t have to respond to this because NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO
I love how the cat has this wide-eyed, haunted look. Like this deer-in-the-headlights “I AM SPEAKING THEIR LANGUAGE” look, and it is terrified of the power it has just unlocked.
Hildegard von Bingen
O Pastor animarum
O Pastor animarum,
et o prima vox,
perquam omnes creati sumus,
ut degneris nos liberare
de miseriis et languoribus nostris.
O Shepherd of souls
O Shepherd of souls
and o first voice
through whom all creation was summoned,
now to you,
to you may it give pleasure and dignity
to liberate us
from our miseries and languishing.
Game of Thrones Excel!!!!! by Dynomaito
WHY CAN’T YOU BE REAL!
I present to you, my left nut… Now make this real.
Drogo uses: Tongue rip!
Robb uses: Infected Booboo.
v < > X
Decaying Mansion, Perthshire, Scotland
Mai hausu (again).